History of the Russian internet(s)
We study the history of the infrastructure, web, and online media by conducting field research in different Russian cities. Our attention to the variiety of Russian cities allows us to see alternative histories – unrealized opportunities or just local alternatives to the global understanding of development of the Internet. Furthermore, along with observing these histories, we understand how the rules and norms are constructed, on what the availability of the Internet actually depends, and what was the motivation of the creators of the first online projects. We convey the results of our research in the form of academic and public writings as well as in conference presentations.